Florence Bascom (1862–1945) was a true pioneer in geoscience: her PhD work furthered our understanding of the origins and formation of the Appalachian Mountains, and she geologically mapped a good portion of the United States. She was both a professional geologist, and an academic and teacher.
How old is Florence Bascom?
Death. Bascom died of a stroke (cerebral hemorrhage) on June 18, 1945, at the age of 82. She is buried in a Williams College cemetery in Williamstown, close to family members.
What did Florence Bascom teach?
After joining the Bryn Mawr College faculty, Bascom founded the college’s geology department. This site became the locus of training for the most accomplished female geologists of the early 20th century. Bascom was an expert in crystallography, mineralogy, and petrography.
Why was Bascom required to sit behind a screen in the classroom?
But Bascom persisted, successfully petitioning for admission with support from her Wisconsin professors. As was customary at the time, she was required to sit behind a screen in the corner of the classroom so as to not distract the male students.
Who is the best geologist in the world?
The Most Influential Geologists of All Time
- of 08. James Hutton. James Hutton. National Galleries of Scotland/Getty Images. …
- of 08. Charles Lyell. Charles Lyell. …
- of 08. Mary Horner Lyell. Mary Horner Lyell. …
- of 08. Alfred Wegener. Alfred Lothar Wegener. …
- of 08. Georges Cuvier. Georges Cuvier. …
- of 08. Louis Agassiz. Louis Agassiz.
What does a geologist do in relation to working with natural resources?
Geologists work in the energy and mining sectors searching for natural resources such as petroleum, natural gas, precious and base metals. … They are also in the forefront of preventing and mitigating damage from natural hazards and disasters such as earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis and landslides.
How many geologists are there?
There are currently an estimated 32,000 geologists in the United States. The geologist job market is expected to grow by 14.1% between 2016 and 2026.
Who was the first geologist?
James Hutton (1726–1797), a Scottish farmer and naturalist, is known as the founder of modern geology. He was a great observer of the world around him.
Who is called the first real geomorphologist in North America?
James Hutton (1726–97) was the first great fluvialist and the real founder of modern geomorphology.
Where did Florence Bascom live?
In 1937, a total of eleven women were Fellows of the Geological Society of America; eight of them were Bryn Mawr College graduates. Never married, Bascom lived after retirement in her farmhouse atop Hoosac Mountain in northwestern Massachusetts.
Who is known as the father of geography?
b. Eratosthenes – He was a Greek mathematician who had a profound interest in geography. He was the founder of Geography and holds the credit to calculate the circumference of the Earth. He also calculated the tilt axis of the Earth.
Who is known as the father of human geography?
Carl Ritter is the Father of Human Geography. Q 3.
Who is called the father of geomorphology?
An Evolving Area of Study
The term, which comes from the Greek words geo, or “Earth,” and morph, meaning “form,” was coined in 1893 by the American geologist William Morris Davis (1850-1934), who is considered the father of geomorphology.
Who discovered weathering?
Using a model and previously published data, Ibarra, Jeremy Caves Rugenstein and Friedhelm von Blanckenburg discovered that weathering was constant during the period in question, between 15 million years ago and the start of the ice age 2.5 million years ago.
Who discovered erosion?
In the late 1780s the Scottish scientist James Hutton launched an attack on much of…
How old is the planet?
Earth is estimated to be 4.54 billion years old, plus or minus about 50 million years. Scientists have scoured the Earth searching for the oldest rocks to radiometrically date.
What does a geologist do Australia?
Study the composition and structure of the earth to locate minerals and materials and advise on their extraction, and the environmental protection and rehabilitation of land after mining.
Why is a geologist important?
Geologists play an integral role in studying seismic activity, weather patterns and tectonic movements to assist in preparing for potential adverse events. They also assist in engineering structures to withstand flooding, earthquakes and more.
What is interesting about geology?
Geology is not only the study of rocks, but also the study of how they change. Geology often gives clues about the history of the Earth. It does this by providing geologists with clues about the various climates on Earth, plate tectonics, and the history of life on Earth.
Why do geologist study rocks?
Geologists study rocks because they contain clues about what the Earth was like in the past. … Different rocks form under only certain conditions and even the dullest gray lump of a rock can tell us something important about the past.