The South Caucasus, also known as Transcaucasia, is a geographical region on the border of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, straddling the southern Caucasus Mountains.
What does Transcaucasia meaning?
Transcaucasia in American English
(ˌtrænskɔˈkeɪʒə ) the region directly south of the Caucasus Mountains, containing the Asian countries of Armenia, Azerbaijan, & Georgia. Derived forms. Transcaucasian (ˌTranscauˈcasian) adjective, noun.
What are the two main religions practiced in Transcaucasia?
The people of Transcaucasia follow a number of different religions. However, most of the region’s people belong to either the Christian or the Islamic faith. These faiths arrived in the region at an early date, because Transcaucasia is close to the areas in Southwest Asia where the two religions began.
What are the three independent countries of Transcaucasia and when did they gain independence from Russia?
3.4 What are the three independent countries of Transcaucasia and when did they gain independence from Russia? Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan gained independence in the late 1800s/ early 1900s when they were annexed by the Russian Empire.
Which nation is part of Transcaucasia?
Transcaucasia, Russian Zakavkazye, small but densely populated region to the south of the Caucasus Mountains. It includes three independent states: Georgia in the northwest, Azerbaijan in the east, and Armenia, situated largely on a high mountainous plateau south of Georgia and west of Azerbaijan.
Which country in Transcaucasia borders the Black Sea?
Georgia, Georgian Sakartvelo, country of Transcaucasia located at the eastern end of the Black Sea on the southern flanks of the main crest of the Greater Caucasus Mountains.
What roles did Russia and the Soviet Union play in Transcaucasia?
Terms in this set (18)
How have the regions different ethnic groups related since the fall of the Soviet Union? What roles did Russia and the Soviet Union play in Transcaucasia? They took control and added it to the Russian Empire. When did Russia and the Soviet Union take control of Transcaucasia?
What is the importance of Transcaucasia?
The Kura, Rion, Inguri, and Alazan rivers are important for both hydroelectricity and irrigation. The region’s natural resources are oil, manganese, copper, clays, and building stones.
Is Azerbaijan Europe?
Located in the Caucasus Mountains, Azerbaijan is a country often associated with the Middle East. Also known as the Republic of Azerbaijan, the country is situated in a way where it is sometimes considered part of Asia, and other times, it is dubbed a European country.
What countries make up the region of Central Asia?
The Central Asia region (CA) comprises the countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. It is a diverse region with a mix of upper middle and low income countries with major strategic importance due to their geographic location and natural resource endowments.
Where do Armenians originally come from?
Armenian, Armenian Hay, plural Hayq or Hayk, member of a people with an ancient culture who originally lived in the region known as Armenia, which comprised what are now northeastern Turkey and the Republic of Armenia.
Where are the North Caucasus?
The North Caucasus region lies in the southwestern-most corner of the Russian Federation, and was colonized by the Russian Empire in the nineteenth century. It is bounded by the Black and Caspian Seas. Its south borders the South Caucasian nations of Georgia and Azerbaijan.
Where is the Caucasus Mountain?
The Caucasus Mountains form a border between Russia to the north, Georgia to the south, and Azerbaijan to the southeast. The Lesser Caucasus extend southeastward from Georgia into Armenia.
What are some of Transcaucasia main agricultural products?
Agriculture. Tea, citrus fruits, the oil-bearing tung tree, and bamboo are grown in the humid subtropical lowlands and foothills of Transcaucasia. Other areas produce tobacco, corn (maize), grapes, and various fruits.
How has the oil industry affected the people of Transcaucasia *?
How has the oil industry affected the people of Transcaucasia? Oil reserves have attracted foreign oil firms and given some hope of prosperity. But oil wealth has not reached the majority of people who are still living in poverty. Of what republics does Central Asia consist?
How do Transcaucasia republics differ in terms of religion?
` How do Transcaucasia’s republics differ in terms of religion? Armenia and Georgia are among the oldest Christian states in the world, while the majority of people on Azerbaijan are muslims. … The Soviet Union ruled Transcaucasia from the early 1920s until 1991.
What is western Russia called?
European Russia (Russian: Европейская Россия, европейская часть России) is the western and most populated part of Russia, which is geographically situated in Europe, as opposed to its sparsely populated eastern part, which is in Asia.
Is Armenia in Europe or Asia?
Officially known as the Republic of Armenia, Armenia is a state that is located in Eurasia’s South Caucasus region. The South Caucasus region refers to the area lying on the border between Western Asia and Eastern Europe, which is close to the southern Caucasus Mountains.
In what region of the country would you find Georgia?
Ga. Georgia is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States, bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina; to the northeast by South Carolina; to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean; to the south by Florida; and to the west by Alabama.
What do the nations of Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Tajikistan Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan make up?
The nations which make up Central Asia are five of the former Soviet republics: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, which have a total population of about 72 million.
What are the five independent nations that make up the region of Central Asia?
Central Asia, as it is defined today, is comprised of five former Soviet republics: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
Which are the 3 states vie for control of the Caucasus throughout the 18th and 19th centuries?
Russia, Turkey, and Persia all began to vie for control of the Caucasus as part of their wider geopolitical competition. Chechens converted to Sunni Islam during this time, in part, in hopes that the Ottomans would protect them from Russian invasion and influence.