What Are Exocentric And Endocentric Compounds?

Exocentric compounds. Exocentric compounds are compounds in which either the morphosyntactic properties or the semantic category of the whole word do not correlate with one of its constituents. For instance, a dikbuik fat-belly fat person is not a type of belly, but a person with a fat belly.

What is an endocentric compound example?

The English compounds newspaper, textbook, classroom, handbag and bookstore are examples of endocentric compounds. The central meaning of each one is carried by the second word of the compound. For example, a newspaper is a kind of paper and a textbook is a kind of book. These compounds are hyponyms of their heads.

What is a headless compound?

They are a type of compound in which one member functions as the head and the other as the modifier. In other words, the meaning is determined by the head of the compound.

Is Fisherman endocentric or exocentric?

fisherman is an endocentric compound.

Is Egghead an exocentric compound?

Either way, when a compound includes the head it is called endocentric—the center is internal. In exocentric compounds the head is missing or external: A bigmouth is not a type of mouth and an egghead is not a type of head—both refer to people.

Is Bearskin endocentric or exocentric?

7.2 Compound Words

In the sentence, “The room contained a bearskin rug,” what kind of compound is bearskin? Endocentric.

What is endocentric compound in linguistics?

An endocentric compound consists of a head, i.e. the categorical part that contains the basic meaning of the whole compound, and modifiers, which restrict this meaning. For example, the English compound doghouse, where house is the head and dog is the modifier, is understood as a house intended for a dog.

Is Blueberry endocentric or exocentric?


The two main types of compounds are endocentric compounds such as “blueberry” and exocentric compounds such as “hogwash”. Endocentric compounds are composed of a head and a modifier (Spencer, 1991).

What is an endocentric phrase?

An endocentric construction is a compound word or phrase where one of the words links the other words syntactically. This linking word is called the ‘head,’ and if the head is removed from the phrase, compound or collocation, then so is the meaning.

Is Bluebird an endocentric compound?

d) Bluebird = endocentric. It is endocentric because it is the name of a kind of bird.

Is pickpocket an endocentric compound?

Headed compounds are endocentric. So: bigmouth is transparent and exocentric (it’s not a kind of ‘mouth’, but its meaning can be guessed), and so are pickpocket and killjoy. Caveman and steamboat are transparent and endocentric.

What does exocentric mean in psychology?

(ĕk′sō-sĕn′trĭk) adj. 1. Of or relating to a group of syntactically related words, none of which is functionally equivalent to the function of the whole group.

What is Endocentricity condition in syntax?

The endocentricity constraint is formalised within X’ (X-bar) theory. Thus all phrases are endocentric, meaning that they are the projection of a head X, where ‘X’ is a variable over categories.

What is an example of compounding?

When two words are used together to yield a new meaning, a compound is formed. Compound words can be written in three ways: as open compounds (spelled as two words, e.g., ice cream), closed compounds (joined to form a single word, e.g., doorknob), or hyphenated compounds (two words joined by a hyphen, e.g., long-term).

What is the difference between affixation and compounding?

Affixation is quite productive, meaning that our mental grammar uses the process for many different words, even for new words that come into the language. … Compounding derives a new word by joining two morphemes that would each usually be free morphemes.

Is Bittersweet an endocentric compound?

The noun bittersweet is an exocentric compound, since it is a noun but its elements are both adjectives. Cf. endocentric.

What is back formation and examples?

Back-formation is the reverse of affixation, being the analogical creation of a new word from an existing word falsely assumed to be its derivative. For example, the verb to edit has been formed

What is endocentric compound in morphology?

Endocentric compound is a type of compound in which one member functions as the head and the other as its modifier, attributing a property to the head.

What is the compound word for mantel?

Answer: From the old French mantel came the English compounds ” mantel -piece,” ” mantel -shelf,” for the stone or wood beam which serves as a support for the structure above a fire-place, together with the whole framework, whether of wood, stone, &c., that acts as an ornament of the same (see Chimneypiece).

What is an Appositional compound?

Appositional compound. MORPHOLOGY: a compound of the form ], the meaning of which can be characterized as ‘a AS WELL AS i’. EXAMPLE: player-coach means ‘someone who is a player as well as a coach’. Many linguists consider appositional compounds a subtype of the so-called dvanda compounds.

Which of the following is a Copulative compound?

In copulative compounds the constituents refer to properties of the same entity. For instance, a tuinman-chauffeur gardener-chauffeur is someone who is both a gardener and a chauffeur. Adjectival compounds of this type are, for example, doof-stom deaf-dumb and rood-wit-blauw red-white-blue.

What kind of compound is Scarecrow?

Compound Words. Scarecrow is a compound word. A compound word is a word made from two words. Scare + crow Scarecrow.

What is a coordinative compound?

Coordinative compounds consist of two (occasionally more) elements of the same syntactic category; both constituents refer to properties of the same entity and bear equal semantic weight. For instance, a tuinman-chauffeur gardener-chauffeur is someone who is both a gardener and a chauffeur.